The Plaça de Catalunya, a large plaza surrounded by monumental buildings, is Barcelona's busiest square. It is located between the old city (Ciutat Vella) and the nineteenth century Eixample district.

Some of the city's most important streets and avenues meet at Plaça Catalunya: Passeig de Gràcia, Rambla de Catalunya, La Rambla or Portal de l'Àngel, in addition to Ronda de Sant Pere, Carrer de Vergara or Carrer de Pelai. The plaza occupies an area of about 50,000 square metres. It is especially known for its fountains and statues, its proximity to some of Barcelona's most popular attractions, and for the flocks of pigeons that gather in the centre.

Two of Barcelona's most famous streets as well as Rambla (a wide promenade in the old city) and the Passeig de Gràcia (a grand showcase of modernist architecture in Eixample) start at the Plaça de Catalunya.

Plaça Catalunya is regarded as the very central most point of Barcelona city centre and, for many a traveller, will also be the main transport hub for their journey.

Even though the square is enormous in size, it is constantly crowded with people walking to and from one of the nine streets Plaça de Catalunya emanating from the square.

Until the middle of the nineteenth century the Plaça de Catalunya was a rural area just outside the city walls. In 1858 the central government in Madrid finally allowed the defensive walls to be demolished. It also approved construction outside the walls so a public competition was organized for the design of a new district.

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Plaça Catalunya has a large central square (actually it's round in shape) as its focus and here you will find fountains, sculptures and grass verges - a welcome oasis of green in the very heart of the city.

 

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